Haruhiro Yamashita (JPN) (Man)
The Yamashita is the most iconic of the olde tyme vaults. It’s similar to the handspring vault but requires a pike in the air before opening out into the landing, a vestige of a time when multiple shapes were allowed in the same element instead of being A POX UPON THIS EARTH.
Despite arising nearly concurrently in men’s and women’s gymnastics, this vault is among those early skills that takes on the men’s nomenclature in both men’s and women’s gymnastics and is not named after the first woman who performed it, largely because of sexism.
The Yamashita 1/2 is best known to gymnastics viewers for being the 1992 compulsory vault.